五省快3走势图

污水处理技术分类,全在这儿了!

  对污水处理的需求伴随着城市的诞生。经过数百年的变化,城市污水处理技术已经从最初的初级处理发展到目前的三级处理,从简单的消毒和沉淀到有机物去除,脱氮和脱磷,再到先进的处理。其中,活性污泥工艺的出现具有划时代的意义,今年是活性污泥工艺诞生100周年。未来城市污水处理技术将如何发展?在这方面,让我们回顾一下那些年来城市污水处理所经历的道路。

  初级加工阶段

五省快3走势图  CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULIDELISHIKEYIZHUISUDAOGUDAIDELUOMASHIQI。ZAICIQIJIAN,HUANJINGRONGLIANGDA,SHUITIDEZIJINGNENGLIYEKEYIMANZURENLEIDEYONGSHUIXUQIU。RENMENZHIXUYAOKAOLVPAISHUIWENTI。RANHOU,CHENGSHIHUAJINCHENGJIASU,YIJIYOUSHENGHUOWUSHUIZHONGDEXIJUNCHUANBOYINQIDECHUANRANBINGDECHUANBO。CHUYUJIANKANGYUANYIN,RENLEIKAISHIZHILIAOPAICHUDESHENGHUOWUSHUI。ZAOQIZHILIAOYONGSHIHUI,MINGFANDENGCHENDIANHUOYONGPIAOBAIJIXIAODU。ZAIMINGMO,ZHONGGUOYOUYIGEWUSHUIJINGHUAZHUANGZHI。DANSHI,YOUYUDANGSHIXUQIUBUZU,ZHONGGUODESHENGHUOWUSHUIRENGYINONGYEGUANGAIWEIZHU。 1762NIAN,YINGGUOKAISHIYONGSHIHUIHEJINSHUYANCHULICHENGSHIWUSHUI。

  二次加工阶段

  有机去除过程

  生物膜法

  ZAISHIBASHIJIZHONGYE,KAISHILEOUZHOUGONGYEGEMING,QIZHONGCHENGSHISHENGHUOWUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUCHENGWEIQINGCHUDEJIAODIAN。 1881NIAN,FAGUOKEXUEJIAFAMINGLEDIYIGESHENGWUFANYINGQI,BINGDANSHENGLEDIYIGEYANYANGSHENGWUCHULICHI,JImorisCHI,JIEKAILEWUSHUISHENGWUCHULIDEXUMU。 1893NIAN,DIYIGESHENGWUGUOLVQIZAIWEIERSHIDEYINGGUOTOURUSHIYONG,BINGZAIZHURUOUZHOUBEIMEIDENGGUOJIAXUNSUTUIGUANG。JISHUDEFAZHANCUJINLEBIAOZHUNDECHUXIAN。 1912NIAN,YINGGUOHUANGJIAWUSHUICHULIWEIYUANHUITIYIBOD5PINGGUSHUIWURANCHENGDU。

  活性污泥工艺

  1914NIAN,ArdenHELockettZAIYINGGUOHUAXUEGONGCHENGYANJIUSUOFABIAOLEYIPIANGUANYUHUOXINGWUNIGONGYIDELUNWEN,BINGYUTONGNIANZAIYINGGUOMANCHESITEKAISHELESHIJIESHANGDIYIGEHUOXINGWUNIGONGYIFEISHUICHULICHANG。LIANGNIANHOU,MEIGUOZHENGSHIJIANLILEDIYIGEHUOXINGWUNIFEISHUICHULICHANG。HUOXINGWUNIGONGYIDEDANSHENGWEIWEILAI100NIANDECHENGSHIWUSHUICHULIJISHUDIANDINGLEJICHU。

五省快3走势图  ZAIHUOXINGWUNIFAKAISHISHI,CAIYONGCHONGFANGDIANGUOCHENG。YOUYUDANGSHIZIDONGKONGZHIJISHUHESHEBEITIAOJIANXIANGDUILUOHOU,CAOZUOFANSUOQIEYIYUDUSAI,YUSHENGWUGUOLVQIXIANGBIMEIYOUMINGXIANDEYOUSHI。ZAILIANXUJINSHUITUILIUSHIHUOXINGWUNIGONGYI(CAsFANGFA)(TU1)ZHIHOU,TAHENKUAIBEIGENGHUAN,DANYOUYUTUILIUSHIFANYINGQIZHONGWUNIDEHAOYANGLVSUIZHEDIANCHIZHANGDUDEBIANHUAERBIANHUA,YANGQIGONGYINGSUDUNANYIPEIHE,HUOXINGWUNIFAMIANLINJUBUGONGYANGBUZUDEWENTI。 1936NIANTICHUDEZHUBUPUQIHUOXINGWUNIFA(TAAs)HE1942NIANTICHUDEJIEDUANPUQIFA(SFAS)FENBIEGAISHANLEPUQIMOSHIHEJINSHUIMOSHIDEYANGQIGONGYINGPINGHENG。 1950NIAN,MEIGUODEMAIJINNITICHULEYIGEWANQUANHUNHEDEHUOXINGWUNIGONGYI。GAIFANGFATONGGUOGAIBIANHUOXINGWUNIWEISHENGWUZHONGQUNDECUNHUOFANGSHI,YOUXIAODIJIEJUELEWUNIPENGZHANGDEWENTI,YISHIYINGPUQICHIZHONGDIWUNONGDUDETIDUBIANHUA。SUIZHESHIJISHENGCHANYINGYONGHEJISHUDEBUDUANCHUANGXINHETIGAO,20SHIJI40NIANDAIHE60NIANDAI,HUOXINGWUNIFAZHUBUQUDAISHENGWUMOFA,CHENGWEIWUSHUICHULIDEZHULIUGONGYI。

脱氮除磷工艺
脱氮除磷工艺

  1921NIAN,HUOXINGWUNIFAKUOSANDAOZHONGGUO,ZHONGGUO,JIANCHENGDIYIGEWUSHUICHULICHANG–SHANGHAIBEIQUWUSHUICHULICHANG。ZAI1926NIANHE1927NIAN,FENBIEJIANZAOLESHANGHAIDONGQUHEXIQUWUSHUICHULICHANG。DANGSHI,SANGESHUICHANGDERICHULINENGLIWEI35,500DUN。

  氮和磷的去除过程

五省快3走势图  ZAI20SHIJI50NIANDAI,TUCHULESHUITIFUYINGYANGHUADEWENTI,DANHELINDEQUCHUCHENGWEIWUSHUICHULIDELINGYIGEZHUYAOXUQIU。YINCI,ZAIHUOXINGWUNIFADEJICHUSHANGDEDAOLEYIXILIEDANHELINDEQUCHUFANGFA。

  磷去除过程

  ZAI20SHIJI50NIANDAIZAOQI,FAXIANCHANLINXIJUNBINGYONGYUCHULIN。

  脱氮过程

  1969NIAN,074d4DEBarthTICHUSHIYONGSANJIDANQUCHU。DIYIJIEDUANSHIHAOYANGBUFEN,ZHUYAOQUCHUYOUJIWUZHI,DIERJIEDUANJIAJIANXIAOHUA,DISANJIEDUANSHIYANYANGFANXIAOHUAHETUODAN。

五省快3走势图  1973NIAN,ZAIYUANSHIGONGYIDEJICHUSHANG,BANADEWANQUANFENLILEQUEYANGHEHAOYANGFANYINGQI,BINGJIANGWUNIFANHUIQUEYANGFANYINGQI,BINGJIARUNEIBUHUILIUZHUANGZHIYISUODUANGUOCHENG,XIANZAITONGCHANGCHENGWEIQUEYANG。HAOYANG(A/O)GUOCHENG。

AO工艺
AO工艺

  A2O过程

五省快3走势图  ZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAI,JIYUA/OGONGYIDEMEIGUOZHUANJIAYULINQUCHUYIQICHENGWEIA2OGONGYI(TU5)。 1986NIANZAIZHONGGUOJIANZAODEGUANGZHOUDATANSHAWUSHUICHULICHANGSHIYONGLEA2OGONGYI。NEISHI,SHEJIDECHULISHUILIANGWEI15WANDUN。TASHISHIJIESHANGZUIDADESHIYONGA2OGONGYIDEWUSHUICHULICHANG。

a2O工艺
A2O工艺

  氧化沟进程

五省快3走势图  A2OGONGYIZAIKONGJIANSHANGHUAFENSHENGWUCHULIDEYANYANGDUANHEHAOYANGDUAN,ERYANGHUAGOUSHIYIGEFENGBIDEGOUQUSHIJIEGOU,JIEHELETUILIUHEWANQUANHUNHEDEHUOXINGWUNIGONGYIDETEDIAN,YISHOUJIPUQI,CHENDIANHEWUNIZAIYIGEWENDING。WUSHUIHEHUOXINGWUNIDEHUNHEWUBUDUANXUNHUAN,XITONGKEYIXINGCHENGLIANGHAODEYANGQUHEYANGQU,RANHOUSHIXIANSHENGWUDANHELINDEQUCHU(TU6)。YANGHUAGOUBAITIANZAISHUIZHONGPUQI,WANSHANGYONGZUOCHENDIANCHI。YUHUOXINGWUNIFAXIANGBI,JUYOUCHULIGONGYIJIANDAN,JIEGOUJIANDAN,WUNILINGQIZHANG,CANLIUWUNISHAO,TUOSHUIRONGYI,CHULIXIAOGUOWENDINGDENGYOUDIAN。

氧化沟
氧化沟工艺

  1953NIAN,HELANGONGGONGWEISHENGGONGCHENGYANJIUXIEHUIDEPaxveerYANJIUSUOTICHULEYANGHUAGOUJINCHENG,YECHENGWEI“PASIWEIERGOU”。 1954NIAN,DIYIGEYANGHUAGOUWUSHUICHULICHANGJIANYUFUXIAOTING(Voorshoten),WEIYUHELAN,JINGONG360RENSHIYONG。ZAI20SHIJI60NIANDAI,ZHEIXIANGJISHUXUNSUTUIGUANGBINGYINGYONGYUOUZHOU,BEIMEIHENANFEIDENGGUOJIA。JUTONGJI,DAO1977NIAN,CHAOGUO2,000GEPASIWEIERXINGYANGHUAGOUZAIXIOUTOURUYUNXING。

  1967NIAN,HELAN DHVKAIFACHUKALUSAIER(Carroussel)YANGHUAGOU。TASHIYIGEYANGHUAGOUXITONG,YOUDUOGECHUANLIANDETONGDAOZUCHENG。KALUSAIERYANGHUAGOUDEKAIFAJINGLILESANGEJIEDUAN:ZHENGCHANGKALUSAIERYANGHUAGOU,KALUSAIER 2000YANGHUAGOUHEKALUSAIER 3000YANGHUAGOU。1970NIAN,MEIGUO EnvirexTUICHULEAOBEIER(Orbal)YANGHUAGOU。TAYOUSANGETONGXINYUANXINGHUOTUOYUANXINGTONGDAOZUCHENG。TONGDAOBICILIANJIE。SHOUXIANJIANGLIURUDESHUIYINRUZUIWAIMIANDETONGDAO。ZAILIANXUXUNHUANGUOCHENGZHONG,TAYICIJINRUXIAYIGETONGDAO,XIANGDANGYUYIXILIEWANZHENGDEHUNHEFANYINGGUAN。ZUIHOU,ZHONGYUCONGZHONGXINDEQUDAOZHONGXIAOSHILE。

  TIDAIGONGZUOYANGHUAGOUYOUDANMAIKELUGE(KELUGE)KAIFA,DICHENGBENQIEYIYUWEIHU。TATONGCHANGYOUYIGEYANGHUAGOUXITONG,BAOKUOSHUANGGOUJIAOTIHESANTONGDAOJIAOTI(TXINGYANGHUAGOU)HEYIGEBANJIAOTIGONGZUOGOU。

  两阶段过程

  ZAIZAOQIDELIANGJIEDUANFANGFAZHONG,ZHIYOULIANGZUHUOXINGWUNIFAJIEGOUCHUANLIANLIANJIE。PUQICHIDEDIYIJIHEDIERJIJUYOUXIANGTONGDETIJIBINGHEBING。DADUOSHUYOUJIWUZAIDIYIJIEDUANBEIXIFUHEJIANGJIE,DIERJIEDUANBEIWURAN。NIJIANGFUHEFEICHANGDI,CHUSHUISHUIZHIYOUYUTONGTIJIPUQICHIDEDANJIHUOXINGWUNIFA(TU7)。RANER,YOUYUDIYIPUQICHIDETIJIJIABEI,XIANGDANGYUWUNIFUHEDELIANGBEI,YINCICHUYUKENENGFASHENGWUNIPENGZHANGDEJIEDUAN,BINGQIECAOZUOGUANLIKUNNAN。

五省快3走势图  ZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAIZHONGQI,DEGUODEBotho BohnkeJIAOSHOUKAIFALEABGUOCHENG(TU8)。GAIGONGYIZAICHUANTONGDELIANGJIEDUANFANGFADEJICHUSHANGJINYIBUGAISHANLEDIYIBUFEN(JIABUFEN)DEWUNIFUHE,BINGZAIGAOFUHEHEDUANNILINGSHIMOSHIXIAYUNXING,ERBBUFENYUCHUANTONGDEJIHUOXIANGSIWUNIFA,FUHEDI。NIJIANGDENIANLINGJIAOZHANG,YOUYUNININGSHIJIANDUAN,NIJIANGLIANGDA,LINDEQUCHUXIAOGUOFEICHANGHAO。ZAIQUCHUABUFENZHONGDEDALIANGYOUJIWUHOU,BBUFENDETIJIKEYIDADAJIANSHAO,BINGQIEDIFUHECAOZUOMOSHIKEYIGAISHANLIUCHUWU。SHUIZHI。RANER,YOUYUAQUDUANZHONGDALIANGYOUJIWUDEQUCHU,BJITANYUANQUESHI,YINCIZAICHULIDINONGDUCHENGSHIWUSHUISHI,ZHEIYIGUOCHENGDEYOUSHIBINGBUMINGXIAN。

五省快3走势图  CIHOU,WEILEJIEJUEFANXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONGXIAOHUAXIJUNZHANGSHIJIANWUNILAOHUADEWENTI,CHULEXUYAODUANWUNILINGDELINSHIJULINWEISHENGWUDEMAODUNZHIWAI,HAIKAIFALEAO-A2OGONGYI(TU9)。GAIGUOCHENGBAOKUOLIANGGEXIANGDUIDULIDEFANXIAOHUAHETUOLINGUOCHENG。DIYIJIEDUANNIJIANGDUAN,ZHUYAOYONGYUCHULIN,DIERJIEDUANNIJIANGZHANG,FUHEDI,YONGYUTUODAN。

五省快3走势图  JIYUAO-A2OGUOCHENG,HUNHEGUOCHENGZAIAODILISHANGKAIFA(TU10)。ZAIGAIGUOCHENGDELIANGGEBUFENZHIJIANYOUSANGENEIBUZAIXUNHUANZHUANGZHI,QIKEYIWEIDIYIPUQICHITIGONGXIAOTAIDANHEXIAOHUAXIJUN。DIERJIPUQICHITIGONGTANYUAN。DIYIBUFENZHUYAOSHIQUCHUYOUJIWUHELIN,DIERBUFENSHIXIAOHUAZUOYONG,FANXIAOHUAHEFANXIAOHUASHIYOUDIYIPUQICHIHUILIUHUNHEWUJINXINGDE。

  SBR流程

五省快3走势图  XUPISHIHUOXINGWUNIFA(SBR)GUOCHENGJISHIJIANGYANYANGBUFENHEHAOYANGBUFENFENKAI。ZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAIZAOQIYOUMEIGUO IrvineKAIFA。GAIGUOCHENGZHONGZHIYOUYIGEJIBENDANYUAN,JIANGDIAOJIEGUAN,PUQICHIHEERCHENCHIDEGONGNENGJICHENGZAIYIGECHIZHONG,JINXINGSHUIZHIHESHUILIANGDIAOJIE,WEISHENGWUJIANGJIEYOUJIWUHEGUYEFENLI。 。JINGDIANSBRFANYINGQIDECAOZUOSHI:JINSHUI→TONGQI→CHENDIAN→YANMEI→DAIJI(TU11,12)。ZAI20SHIJI80NIANDAIZAOQI,ICEASCHIXUJINSHUIDEGUOCHENGDANSHENGLE(TU13)。GAIGUOCHENGJIYUCHUANTONGDESBRGONGYI,ZAIFANYINGGUANZHONGJIARUGEQIANG,JIANGFANYINGGUANFENCHENGXIAOTIJIDEYUFANYINGQUHEDATIJIDEZHUFANYINGQU,WUSHUIBUDUANLIURUYUFANYINGQU,RANHOUTONGGUOXIADUANCENGLIUSUDUWEIXIAOKONGCHUDEFENGEBI。SHURUZHUFANYINGQUYIJIEJUEJIANXIEXINGJINSHUIWENTI。

SBR工艺图
SBR工艺

  SUIHOU,GoranzyJIAOSHOUKAIFALECASS/CASTLIUCHENG。YUICEASGONGYILEISI,ZAIFANYINGGUANDEQIANBUTIANJIAXUANZEXINGBUFEN。SHOUXIANJIANGFEISHUIYULAIZISUOXUANBUFENZHONGDEZHUFANYINGQUDEHUILIUHUNHEWUHUNHE。ZAIYANYANGTIAOJIANXIA,XUANDINGDEBUFENXIANGDANGYUQIANBUYANYANGCHI,CONGERSHIXIANGAOXIAOCHULIN。YOULIDETIAOJIAN。

cass工艺图
CASS工艺

  ZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAI,XIGESIXIGESIGONGSIKAIFALEJIYUSANTONGDAOYANGHUAGOUDEUNITANKXITONG。TAYOU3GEJUXINGCHIZUCHENG,QIZHONGWAICELIANGCEDEJUXINGCHIJIKEYONGZUOPUQICHI,YEKEYONGZUOCHENDIANCHI,ZHONGJIANDEJUXINGCHIJINYONGZUOPUQICHI。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGTUIDONGLECHUANTONGDESBRSHIJIANHELIANXUXITONG。KONGJIANTUIDONGYOUXIAODIJIEHEZAIYIQI

  MSBRFANGFASHIGAIJINDESBR(Modified SBR),CAIYONGDANXIBAODUOWANGGEFANGFA,JIEHELECHUANTONGHUOXINGWUNIFAHESBRJISHUDEYOUDIAN。FANYINGDUIYOUPUQIGEHELIANGGEJIAOTIDELIANXUPICIZUCHENG。ZHUYAODEPUQIGEZAIZHENGGECAOZUOXUNHUANQIJIANBAOCHILIANXUPUQI,BINGQIEZAIMEIGEBANXUNHUANQIJIAN,LIANGGELIANXUPICIJIAOTIZUOWEISBRHECHENGQINGQI。GAIGUOCHENGYUNXULIANXUDESHUIJINRUBINGYUNXUGENGSHAODELIANJIEGUAN,BENGHEFAMEN。

  除氮和除磷的新工艺

  JINJISHINIANLAI,NENGYUANHEZIYUANDUANQUEYINQILEGUANGFANGUANZHU。DUIDAN,LINDEQUCHU,JIENENGHEZIYUANHUISHOUDEJINYIBUXUQIUYICHENGWEIWUSHUICHULIGONGYIFAZHANDEZHULIU。YIJINGYINGYONGLEYIPIXINXINGDEDANHELINQUCHUJISHU。

五省快3走势图  1994NIAN,HELANDAIERFUTEDAXUEKAIFALEYANYANGANYANGHUA(ANAMMOX)JISHU,GAIJISHUZAIQUEYANGHUANJINGZHONGJIANGAN(NH4 +)YANGHUACHENGYAXIAOSUANGEN(NO2-)ZHIDAN。

五省快3走势图  YUCHUANTONGDEFANXIAOHUAGONGYIXIANGBI,GAIGONGYIWANQUANSHIZIZHICHENGDE,BUXUYAORENHEYOUJITANYUAN。

五省快3走势图  1998NIAN,HELANDAIERFUTEDAXUEJIYUDUANCHENGXIAOHUAHEFANXIAOHUAYUANLIKAIFALESHARONGONGYI。DIYIGEXIANGMUSHIZAIHELANLUTEDAN DOKHAVENSHUICHANG。JIBENYUANLISHIZAITONGYIFANYINGQIZHONG,ANZAIYOUYANGTIAOJIANXIABEIYAXIAOHUAXIJUNYANGHUACHENGNO2-;RANHOU,ZAIQUEYANGTIAOJIANXIA,YOUJIWUSHIDIANZIGONGTI,SHIYAXIAOSUANYANFANXIAOHUAXINGCHENGDAN。GAIGUOCHENGSUODUAN,BUXUYAOJIANZHONGHE。YUCHUANTONGDEHUOXINGWUNIFAXIANGBI,KESHIYANGQIGONGYINGJIANSHAO25%,FANXIAOHUATANYUANJIANSHAO40%,YOULIYUZIYUANHENENGYUANDEXUNHUANLIYONG,GENGSHIYONGYUTANDANNONGDUJIAODIDECHENGSHIWUSHUI。 。MUQIAN,SHARONGONGYISHIYIGEXIAOHUAFANYINGQI,ANAMMOXGONGYISHIYIGEFANXIAOHUAFANYINGQI,YUCHUANTONGGONGYIXIANGBI,KEYIJIESHENG60%DEYANGQIGONGYINGHE100%DETANYUAN。

  三阶段处理阶段

  ZAIGUOQUSHIDUONIANDESHIJIANLI,SUIZHEWURANDEJIAJU,SHUIZIYUANDUANQUEWENTIYANZHONG,RENLEIDUISHUIZHITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU,BINGCHUXIANLEXIANJINDEFEISHUICHULIHEZAILIYONGJISHU。WUSHUICHULICHANGDEZHONGDIANBUZAISHIWURANWUPAIFANGDEHESUAN,ERSHIRUHEGAISHANSHUIZHI。MOJISHUKAISHIXIANSHICHUQIDUTEDEYOUSHI。

  ZAI20SHIJI60NIANDAIHE70NIANDAI,SUIZHEDALIANGXINHECHENGCAILIAODECHUXIAN,SHENGWUMOJISHUZAICIDEDAOFAZHAN。ZHUYAOGUOCHENGBAOKUOSHENGWUGUOLVQI,SHENGWUZHUANPAN,SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUAHESHENGWULIUHUACHUANG。MUQIAN,DADUOSHUSHIYONGDEMOCHULIJISHUSHIWEILV(MF),CHAOLV(UF),FANSHENTOU(RO)HEMOSHENGWUFANYINGQI(MBR)。ZAIBENSHIJICHU,XINJIAPO“Newwater”SHUICHANGZAIERCICHULIHOUYONGCHAOLVMOHEFANSHENTOUMOCHULI。

五省快3走势图  YILISHIWEIZHIDAO,NINKEYIZHIDAOTASHIYIGETIDAIPIN。HUIGUZHENGGELISHIGUOCHENG,SUIZHERENLEIJIANKANGXUQIU,SHUIHUANJINGZHILIANGYIJIYIJIWUSHUICHULICHENGDUDEJIASHEN,YIYUANSHENGHUOWUSHUICHULIDEZUJIYIJINGSHENHUA。YUCITONGSHI,YUNYINGGUANLIHEZIJINZHANYONGDECHENGBENCUJINLESHUICHULIJISHUDEFAZHAN。BUDUANFAZHAN,QIYUNYING,TUDIZHANYONG,CHENGXUBUZHOUHENENGYUANZIYUANDOUDEDAOLEJIANHUA。RENMENDUISHUIZHIDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,ERQIEZHEIGEGUOCHENGBIANDEYUELAIYUEFANGBIAN。YOUQUDESHI,WULUNJINNIANLAIGAIXINGYEDELEGUANYANYANGSHENGWUJISHUHAISHIZUIZHONGDETUDIGUANGAIFENLI,CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULISIHUYIHUIFUQIYUANSHIXINGTAI,JINGUANQIZHONGSUOHANDEJISHUHANLIANGZAOYIBUTONG。RUGUOTAHENJIANDAN,TAZUIZHONGJIANGGUIYUZIRAN。

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